Jharkhand was carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. It shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 30,778 sq mi. The name "Jharkhand" means "The Land of Forests". So it is inevitable that this state has many a lot of flora. And like they say where there is flora, fauna is sure to follow. So today, let us have a look at the Hazaribagh National Park.
Hazaribagh National Park is a national park and a sanctuary adorned with scenic beauties. It is located 19 km from Hazaribagh, Jharkhand. It is located at a distance of some 135 km from Ranchi. The park is said to have the same features as that of Betla National Park to some extent. The park is approachable by all weather-metalled road.
A 111-kilometre long stretch of the road in the sanctuary takes the tourists to the remotest corners and masonry towers of the park. The road, strategically laid down, offers excellent opportunities for the view of the wild animals. The tribal population also lives around the sanctuary. The ark has many watchtowers that act as the perfect hideouts to see the wildlife in its natural surroundings. There are some towers, which the tourists use to behold the beasts. A canteen is also there to cater.
The forests of the park have a vast range of vegetation consisting of tropical wet evergreen forests in the lower reaches, mixed (moist and dry) deciduous forests in the middle and temperate alpine forests in the upper reaches including sal and bamboo as the major components along with a number of medicinal plants. There are grasslands found here too and one can find the animals grazing amongst them.
The park has tigers, panthers, sambhars, spotted deer, bisons and a number of mammalian faunas. The Cheetal, Kakar, Nilgai, Sambar and Wild Boar are among the most easily and often spotted animals particularly near the waterholes at the time of the dusk. The population of the tigers is very less. According to 1991 Census, there were 14 tigers in the park. The tigers are often considered extremely difficult to sight.
Hazaribagh experiences Tropical Climate with hot summers and cold winters. The maximum temperature during the summer months rises to a high of 41.1
The Palamau Forest Reserve is the other major wildlife sanctuary of this region. Palamau Tiger Reserve is very rich in biodiversity and various wild life species have been included in Red data book of the I.U.C.N. (International union for Conservation of nature and neutral resources) and the appendices of C.I.T.E.S. (Convention on International trade in endangered species of flora and fauna). It is just encompassing the national park.
The tourists can visit the Canari Hill, which is at a distance of 5 km from the park. There is a guest house and a watch tower on the top of the hills.
Temple in Hazaribagh include the Budhwa Mahadev Mandir (Lord Shiva Temple), the Narsingh Temple dedicated to Narsingh avatara (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu, Panchmandir and the Rajrappa Mandir, which is 80 km away at the bank of river Damodar, is a very sacred place.
The excursion tours can be taken to Rajrappa Falls and Suraj Kund Hot Spring, located at a distance of 89 km and 72 km respectively. Suraj kund has a hot water spring containing sulphur that has healing properties. It is claimed to be the hottest spring in India. Barso Pani Cave is located at Barkagaon in Hazaribagh District.
One can get to see a lot of water around the famous Konar Dam situated about 50 km East of Hazaribag. Konar dam is the second of the four multi-purpose dams included in the first phase of the Damodar Valley Corporation. It was constructed across the Konar River, a tributary of the Damodar River in Hazaribagh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand and opened in 1955. The place has scenic beauty and has been developed as a recreational spot. Konar Dam is 4,535 metres (14,879 ft) long and 48.77 metres (160.0 ft) high. The reservoir covers an area of 27.92 km2.
Other dams are the Chadwa Dam, about 15 km away from the town, Tillaya (Jhumri Tillaya) Dam 45 km North from Hazaribag. Tillaiya dam was part of the four multi-purpose dams included in the first phase of the Damodar Valley Corporation. It was constructed across the Barakar River, at Tillaiya in Koderma district and opened in 1953.Lakes in the place include the Hazaribagh Jheel (Natural Lake) is a major family attraction.
Hazaribagh town is connected by road to Ranchi 91 km (57 mi), Dhanbad 128 km (80 mi), Gaya 130 km (81 mi), Patna 235 km (146 mi), Daltongunj 198 km (123 mi), and Calcutta (via Asansol-Govindapur-Barhi) 434 km (270 mi). Regular bus services connect the town with Koderma, Hazaribagh Road railway station, Patna, Gaya, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Daltongunj and other nearby places. Unmetered Taxis, Auto Rickshaws, Cycle Rickshaws and Taxis are available for the park from the Hazaribagh town.
Hazaribagh national park is one of those places in Jharkhand that offers a good escape from normal life. It has the green forests and wild beasts to look at. Jharkhand is a land dedicated to its forests. Hence, in case you are in Jharkhand do pay your visit to a forest or some national park at the least.