Haryana came into existence on 1 November 1966, as a newly created state carved out of the Punjab state on the basis of language. Punjab and Himachal Pradesh border it to the north and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. Haryana also surrounds the country s capital Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. So today, let us have a look at the Kalesar National Park in Haryana.
Kalesar National Park is a protected area located in eastern Haryana. It is a popular destination for bird watching. It is home to the red jungle fowl among other birds. It is spread across 11,570 acres. Kalesar has 53% dense forest, 38% open forest, 9% scrub. Total forest cover is about 71%. Situated on both sides of Yamuna Nagar-Paonta Sahib Road in Yamuna Nagar district, it was designated a national park through a government notification in December 2003. Next to the park is Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary and it was let know on 13th December 1996, with an area of 13209 acres.
In the distant hills stand silhouetted against the first pinkish-blue light. A dirt road diverts from the highway where a faded billboard announces entry into the reserve forest mainly consisting of Sal trees. Next approaches the dense forest. Besides the tall, leafy sal trees that constitute the age-old forest belt of the Doon valley, there are also other trees like Semul, Amaltas and Bahera. Climbers snake up the tree stems, and the forest floor is littered with fallen leaves and foliage plants. Sculptural anthills dot the landscape. There is a watering hole created by the Forest Department to quench the thirst of wild animals.
Throughout the summers, the temperature ranges from 20-40° C. It can get fairly hot and moist out here. Rainy season is pretty good giving sufficient volume of rain. It can be a relief from the warmth for the animals. In winter season, the heat ranges from 5-18° C. October to march is the best time to stop over at the national park.
It is home to a wide range of wild flora and fauna, including a male tiger, 16 male and female leopards, 19 panthers, 3 elephants and other animals. One can find wild boars, sambhars, hares, Red Jungle fowl, porcupine, monkeys, chitals etc. whereas Khair, Sal, Shisham, sain, jhingan, chhal are the trees found in the forest. It is probably the only forest in Haryana with a natural sal tree belt.
Jungle machaan is a high observation tower with a dangerous-looking service ladder. Once on the top, one is rewarded by a sweeping panorama of the 11000 acres (45 km²) of the great sal forest, criss-crossed by fire lines and meandering rivulets.
About 20 km away on the Chuharpur road, is the Chaudhari Devi Lal Herbal Nature Park, a prestigious, innovative project of the Haryana Forest Department. The park, spread over 50 acres (200,000 m2) with 61,000 shrubs of herbs and 6100 medicinal tree plants.
The Balasundari Temple in Trilokpur was constructed by Raja Deep Parkash of Sirmour in the year 1573. Nearby is a newly made Shiva Temple.
This was the place of the biggest remnant discover in the Shivalik Mountains. The park has a gallery and a life-size replica of the animals that formerly wandered these areas.
Kalesar Mahadev Temple is also known as Kalesar Mahadev Math. It is an ancient shrine of Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati. Sited in Kalesar township of Yamuna nagar region, it is also a rumination centre on the panels of Divine Yamuna River.
Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in just before the North of Shivalik area on the western cross of the Yamuna River. It is very near to the National Park. The Sanctuary has a notable tenancy of about 161 classes of fowls that can be marked through the place. The wildlife sanctuary has several water forms that are both ordinary and man-made which offer marshland for aquatic fowls.
The National Park has a 100-year-old colonial bungalow inside it. The forest rest house located at a picturesque point commands a sweeping view of the Yamuna River. Surrounded with multi-layered gardens, and is typical of the Raj bungalow architecture, with high-ceiling rooms, exquisite parquet flooring and teak panelling along walls. A fireplace with a mantelpiece above and antique furniture completes the period setting.
Chandigarh is at a distance of some 150 km (3 hours) from the park. Other towns are, Kurushetra- 87 km (90 min), Delhi- 218 km (4 hours), Gurgaon- 260 km (4 hr 18min).
By Air: Chandigarh is the adjacent airport, which is 157 kms far from Kalesar.
By Rail: Jagadhari (Yamuna nagar) railway station is the closest railhead, which is around 37 kms from Kalesar.
By Road: National Highway NH73A passes by Kalesar. State highway linking Yamuna nagar to Ponta Sahib runs over the Kalesar National Park.
Bus Route: HRTC activated buses and private buses join Kalesar to other metropolises of Yamuna nagar. From the airport and the railway and bus station, one can get a rental taxi/cab or travel by HRTC activated buses or private buses to touch Kalesar.
So that is in short about the Kalesar National Park. Do visit it in case you are anywhere in Haryana. It is a Bird lover’s paradise as they say.