The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a group of islands at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, and are a Union Territory of India. It comprises two island groups, the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands, separated by the 10° N parallel, with the Andamans to the north of this latitude, and the Nicobars to the south. The Andaman Sea lies to the east and the Bay of Bengal to the west. The territory s capital is the Andaman’s town of Port Blair. The total land area of the territory is approximately 8,073 km2 (3,117 sq mi). The capital of Nicobar Islands is Car Nicobar also known as Malacca.
South Button Island National Park is a national park, which has a total area of protected space about 2 square miles (5 km2). It is located south-west of Havelock Island, roughly 2 hours away by motor boat. One of the main attractions around the tiny Island is shallow water coral reefs with high visibility. Tropical coral reefs at depths as shallow as 6 ft (1.8 m). It is also a popular site for Scuba Diving. Among the animals that make their home here the dugong and the water lizard.
One of the most wonderful locations for scuba diving and snorkelling, the bottom mainly comprises of the coral covered rocks interspersed with patches of sand. These areas of the Bay of Bengal are home to the Dugong, Dolphins, Blue Whale, Water Monitor Lizard, and other marine life, which includes the Humpback Snappers, Giant Groupers, and schools of Spiny foot and Unicorn fish. On the reef flats, divers normally get to see Boulder Corals, Stag horns, Coral Laminates and Finger Corals.
The average temperatures prevailing here range between 20 degrees to 30 degrees Celsius. With heavy rainfall from June to October, it would be proper to avoid staying here during these periods; however, January to March is the best time to enjoy the pleasures and adventure offered by this National Park.
North Button Island National Park is a national park in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands along the coast of India. The park is about 44 square miles (114 km2) and home to many creatures such as the dugong and the dolphin. North Button Island National Park was set up in 1979. It is 60 km away from the nearest town of Long Island.
The nearest town to the park is Long Island, which is about 60 kilometres way. The National Park is noted for its fauna. Blue Whale, dolphins, sea turtles, pristine coral life for snorkelers can all be found in the Middle Button Island National Park. In the Middle Button Island Park, there are no accommodation facilities. Hence, it is advisable to set up base in the closest town of Long Island. Visitors are allowed to camp in their own tents and enjoy the serenity of the place.
Saddle Peak National Park covers an area of 33 sq. km. It is 5 km from Diglipur the nearest town and 200 km from Port Blair, the nearest airport. It has thick tropical rain forests and humid, warm and wet tropical climate. The fauna of this park comprises of Wild pig, Water monitor, Lizard, salt water Crocodile. The best period for visiting the park is November to March.
Campbell Bay National Park is a national park in India, located on the island of Great Nicobar, the largest of the Nicobar Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean some 190 km to the north of Sumatra. It was gazetted as a national park of India in 1992, and forms part of the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve. The park has an approximate area of some 426 km², and is separated from the smaller Galathea National Park by a 12-km wide forest buffer zone.
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is also known as Wandur National Park. Situated 29 km. from Port Blair, the park covers 281.5 km² and is made up of 15 islands and the open sea creeks running through the area. Most of the islands in the park are densely forested; the open spaces are covered with scrub and creepers. A casual glance around and one can spot brilliant tropical flowers including orchids, broken branches and fallen leaves spread over the jungle pathways.
Getting to the South Button Island National Park is quite easy. The closest airport is located in the capital city of Port Blair. It is at a distance of some 200 kms. Tourists can travel to Long island and visit the park by an arranged boat. Private boats can also be hired for a visit to the National Park.